Do we tear our garments upon hearing bad news? After all, they reported to Shmuel, “King Shapur killed 12,000 Jews in Mezgat Caesarea,” and Shmuel did not tear his garment. They only said to tear one’s garments in a case of the majority of the community being killed. Did King Shapur kill Jews? We have it on record that King Shapur said to Shmuel, “I deserve praise for never having killed a Jew.” In the aforementioned incident the Jews caused their own deaths. Moed Kattan 26.

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