There were some gardeners who carried water [on Shabbat without a proper eruv] by means of a wall made of human beings. Shmuel flogged them [for “building a wall” on Shabbat]. He said, “If the sages said that humans may be used as a an eruv when they are unaware that they are being used as such, does this mean that they may be made into an eruv when they realize what they are doing?”  Eruvin 44:

Return to Shmuel