Yehudah Nasia I

Grandson of “Rabbi,” served as Nasi from about 230-270 CE.

'The year 311 [?] Claudius Tiberius Polycharmos, also named Achyrios, father [pater] of the synagogue of Stobi, having lived my whole life according to Judaism, have, in fulfilment of a vow, [given] the buildings to the holy place, and the triclinium, together with the tetrastoon, with my own means, without in the least touching the sacred [funds]. But the ownership and disposition of all the upper chambers shall be retained by me, Claudius Tiberius Polycharmos, and my heirs for life. Whoever seeks in any way to alter any of these dispositions of mine shall pay the Patriarch 250,000 denarii. For thus have I resolved. But the repair of the roof tiles of the upper chambers shall be carried out by me and my heirs.' [Levine, 2000] 


From Stobi in central Macedonia. Dating unclear, sometime between late 2nd century and early 3rd century.

"To the Eternal God. For the salvation of our Lord the pious, felicitous Emperor Severus Alexander and the Empress Julia Mamea, mother of the Emperor; Cosmius, chief of the Spondilla customhouse, head of the synagogue of the Jews, gladly fulfills his vow."

Plaque found in the Roman ruins of Intercisa, Hungary from Raphael Patai, The Jews of Hungary: History, Culture, Psychology. Severus Alexander was Emperor of Rome from 222-235 CE. He had a liberal attitude toward Jews & Christians; Roman sources report he adopted the motto “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you” and had it engraved on his palace walls. He prayed daily in a room which was adorned with images of Apollonius, Orpheus, Jesus, and Abraham. Pagan Greeks in Antioch & in Alexandria would mock him during festivals, calling him “archisynagogum.”

Bishul Akum (Gentile Cooking)

Desecrating Fasts

Is the Nasi above the Law

Gentile Oil